Damavand Info

Mount Damāvand

Damavand Info Encyclopedia

Mount Damavand is the wiped out volcanic pinnacle of the Elburz Mountains in northern Iran, around 44 miles (70 km) upper east of Tehrān. Appraisals of its tallness extend from around 18,600 feet (5,670 meters); it overwhelms the encompassing reaches by 3,000 to 8,000 feet (900 to 2,450 meters). Its lofty snowcapped cone is shaped of magma streams and fiery remains and is delegated by a little pit with sulfuric stores.

Mt. Damavand Iran

Beneath the pit are two little ice sheets; there are likewise fumaroles (openings for getting away exhaust and gases), hot springs, and mineral stores of travertine. Damavand turned out to be volcanically dynamic at any rate 1.8 million years prior, and its latest ejection was around 7,300 years back. The mountain is referenced in a few Persian legends, one of which gives it as the resting spot of Noah's ark. Elective Titles: Mount Demavend, Qolleh-ye Damāvand, Mount Damāvand, Damāvand additionally spelled Demavend, Persian Qolleh-ye Damāvand, Damawand. Koh Damavand.

Damavand in Winter 
View From Polour Village
Image by A. Soltani

A progression of monstrous, vigorously disintegrated mountain extents encompasses Iran's high inside bowl. The majority of the nation is over 1,500 feet (460 meters), with one-6th of it more than 6,500 feet (1,980 meters). In sharp complexity are the seaside districts outside the mountain ring. In the north a strip 400 miles (650 km) long flanking the Caspian Sea and never in excess of 70 miles (115 km) wide (and as often as possible smaller) falls forcefully from 10,000-foot (3,000-meter) summits to the boggy lake's edge, approximately 90 feet (30 meters) beneath ocean level. Along the southern coast the land drops from a 2,000-foot (600-meter) level, supported by a rough slope multiple times as high, to meet the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman.

Elburz (Alborz) Mountains
The Elburz (Alborz) Mountains keep running along the south shore of the Caspian Sea to meet the outskirt scopes of the Khorāsān district toward the east. The tallest top in the chain is the snow-clad Mount Damāvand (Demavend), which is likewise Iran's most astounding point. Numerous pieces of Iran are detached and ineffectively overviewed, and the rise of a significant number of its pinnacles are still in debate; the stature of Mount Damāvand is commonly given as 18,605 feet (5,671 meters).

The Elburz (Alborz) Mountains
Near south shore of the Caspian Sea

Zagros Mountains 
The Zagros (Zāgros) Mountains extend in a northwest-southeast bearing, from Iran's outskirts with Turkey and Iraq in the northwest to the Strait of Hormuz in the southeast. More distant toward the south the range expands into a band of parallel edges 125 miles (200 km) wide that lies between the fields of Mesopotamia and the incredible focal level of Iran. The range is depleted on the west by streams that cut profound tight canyons and water ripe valleys. The land is incredibly tough and hard to get to and is populated to a great extent by peaceful migrants. The Zagros Mountains ascend above pasturelands, southwestern Iran.

Volcanic and Tectonic Activity
Mount Taftān, a monstrous cone achieving 13,261 feet (4,042 meters) in southeastern Iran, transmits gas and mud at sporadic interims. In the north, be that as it may, Mount Damāvand has been dormant in authentic occasions, as have Mount Sabalān (15,787 feet [4,812 metres]) and Mount Sahand (12,172 feet [3,710 metres]) in the northwest. The Sahand-Bazman Belt, framed by Eocene volcanism, expands somewhere in the range of 1,200 miles (1,900 km) from the fringe with Azerbaijan in the northwest to Baluchistan in the southeast and incorporates volcanic pinnacles, for example, Mount Sahand, Mount Karkas in Eṣfahān territory, Mount Lalahezar in Kermān region, and Bazman in Sīstān va Balūchestān region. Likewise, in the northwestern segment of the nation, magma and powder spread a 200-mile (320-km) stretch of land from Jolfā on the fringe with Azerbaijan eastbound to the Caspian Sea. A third volcanic district, which is 250 miles (400 km) long and 40 miles (65 km) wide, keeps running between Lake Urmia (Orūmiyyeh) and the city of Qazvīn.

Seismic tremor
Seismic tremor movement is visit and brutal all through the nation. Amid the twentieth century—when solid records were accessible—there were completely twelve tremors of 7.0 or higher on the Richter scale that took huge quantities of lives. In 1990 upwards of 50,000 individuals were murdered by a ground-breaking tremor in the Qazvīn-Zanjān zone. In 2003 a generally frail shake struck the antiquated town of Bam in eastern Kermān territory, leveling the town and annihilating a noteworthy post. In excess of 25,000 individuals died.

The dry inside level, which reaches out into Central Asia, is limited on the west by the Zagros Mountains, on the north by the Elburz Mountains and the Kopet-Dag (Koppeh Dāgh) Range, and on the south by the Bashagard Range, which expands east from the Strait of Hormuz into the Baluchistan area of Iran. The level is cut by a few littler mountain ranges. In the flatlands lie the level's most-astounding highlights, the Kavīr and Lūt deserts, additionally called the Dasht-e Kavīrand Kavīr-e Lūt. At the least rises, arrangement of bowls in the ineffectively depleted soil stay dry for a considerable length of time at once; the vanishing of any aggregated water creates the salt squanders known as kavīrs. As rise rises, surfaces of sand and gravelly soil step by step converge into ripe soil on the slopes and mountain inclines.

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Climbing Damavand

Trekking an enormous volcano such as Damavand 5671 meters above sea level in Iran is very rewarding. Climbing to this giant summit in summer season is not technically difficult and does not need major climbing skills but it requires a good physical fitness. The main challenges of climbing are Damavand Weather and acclimatization, the fact that the air gets thinner with less oxygen as you go higher towards the peak.

Climbing Mount Damavand Iran
Climbing Mount Damavand Iran

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Damavand High Camp

On the south route of Mount Damavand Iran the highest campsite is called Camp 3 Bargah Sevom, the third camp or simply Bargah. At the third camp there are two safe havens and some tenting and camping places for overnight and accommodation at altitude just above 4200 meters above the sea level. Damavand Old Shelter at 4220 masl is the oldest refuge and Damawand New Hut at 4250 masl, is the newest mountain resort in the area.

Damavand Old Shelter at 4220 masl and Damawand New Hut 4250 masl
Damavand Old Shelter 4220 m
Damawand New Hut 4250 m

Accommodation and acclimatization in Iran Mountain Climbing Federation Camps and Resorts. Damawand New Hut. Camp 3 Bargah Sevom Old Shelter/Refuge. Damavand South Route Campsites. Useful links Damavand Info. Hiking trekking and climbing tours. Adventure mountain tour operator. Basecamp, refuge, base shelter, Goosfand Sara. Polour Hut, Rayneh Resort, Camp3 Bargah Sevom. Damavand South Route, Bargah Sevom, Old Shelter, Third Camp Refuge, hiking trekking Damawand. Route and trail map gps tracks to the summit. GoogleEarth satellite image and GoogleMaps. Damavand Photo.

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Mount Damavand Base Camp
The Camp 2 or the second campsite of the Damavand is called Goosfand Sara (or Mosque). Damavand Base Camp is located at altitude 3040 meters above sea level. It is the summer starting point for the south route. In this area there is a small shelter, a mosque and a sheepfold. Unfortunately Goosfand Sara is not an ideal mountaineering campsite for camping and tenting in summer climbing season because it is too crowded, very noisy and dirty. Find more information about Damavand Base Camp.

Damavand Base Camp
Damavand Base Camp 3040 masl

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Damavand Accommodation

For a safe and a secure climb to any mountain is necessary to find the best place for accommodation and use the safest mountain resorts in the area. If you want to trek  Damavand from the south route, the following resorts are the safest places for your settlement. Damavand Camp 1 Polour Hut in Polour Village as the first camp and the best starting point and Damavand Camp 3 New Hut as the high camp.

Damavand Camp 1 Polour Hut
Damavand Camp 1 Polour Hut 2250 masl

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Damavand Acclimatization

In technical terms trekking to Damavand is not difficult in summer season. But physically it is a difficult trek. The main challenges of the climb are Damavand Weather, sulfur smokes and acclimatization, the air gets thinner with less oxygen as you go higher. To increase the chance of success and lower the risk of AMS and to enjoy a safe trek to this summit it is essential to get accustomed to this new environment.
The best resorts to acclimatize for climbers who want to trek Damavand from south route are Camp 1 Polour Resort at 2250 masl and Camp3 Bargah Sevom New Hut at 4250 masl.

Damavand Camp3 Bargah Sevom New Hut
Damavand Camp3 Bargah Sevom New Hut 4250 masl

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Damavand Iran, How to Acclimatize, Damawand Acclimatization, Mountain Federation camps. Demawand skitouring expedition. Snowboarding in Iranski resorts. Best services and logistics for incoming mountain tourism to Iran. Visit also Damavand Tour. Ski and snowboard tours to Iran ski resorts. Iran Mountain FederationIran campsite, shelter, hut, refuge and resort. Damavand acclimatization in Iran Mount Federation camps and resorts. Iran Hiking & trekking, ski touring and climbing tours. Mount climbing and ski mountaineering guide. The new first campsite is called polour, polur or poloor. The older first campsite is called reineh, rayneh, reneh or reyneh. The middle campsite or the second campsite is called basecamp (base camp) or Goosfand Sara or Mosque. The last campsite or the third camp is called Bargah Sevom or panagah sevom.

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Damavand Difficulty
Mount Damavand in Iran is famous for its gentle climbing slopes. Trekking this 5671 meters (18,605 feet) giant volcanic mountain is technically moderate but physically it is a tough challenge and requires a very good physical fitness. The main challenges of the climb are Damavand Weather, acclimatization and the sulfur smokes. The difficulty of Damavand in summer trekking is comparable to Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania and Mount Everest Base Camp. But Damavand Winter Climbing is a quite different story, it is very difficult and may be compared to a 7000 m peak or more.

Damavand Difficulty
Damavand Difficulty

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Compare Damawand to Kilimanjaro in Tanzania and Everest base Camp in the Himalayans Range. Difficulty and climbing grade of Damavand. Hike & trek summer and winter guided tours. Demawand skitouring expedition. Snowboarding in Iranski resorts. Best services and logistics for incoming mountain tourism to Iran. Visit also Damavand Tour. Technical info for how to climb the mountain. Climbing equipment list. Demavand Map. Budget tour. Qualified guiding teams for Iran mountains.

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