Damavand Info

Mount Damāvand

Damavand Info Encyclopedia

Mount Damavand is the wiped out volcanic pinnacle of the Elburz Mountains in northern Iran, around 44 miles (70 km) upper east of Tehrān. Appraisals of its tallness extend from around 18,600 feet (5,670 meters); it overwhelms the encompassing reaches by 3,000 to 8,000 feet (900 to 2,450 meters). Its lofty snowcapped cone is shaped of magma streams and fiery remains and is delegated by a little pit with sulfuric stores.

Mt. Damavand Iran

Beneath the pit are two little ice sheets; there are likewise fumaroles (openings for getting away exhaust and gases), hot springs, and mineral stores of travertine. Damavand turned out to be volcanically dynamic at any rate 1.8 million years prior, and its latest ejection was around 7,300 years back. The mountain is referenced in a few Persian legends, one of which gives it as the resting spot of Noah's ark. Elective Titles: Mount Demavend, Qolleh-ye Damāvand, Mount Damāvand, Damāvand additionally spelled Demavend, Persian Qolleh-ye Damāvand, Damawand. Koh Damavand.

Damavand in Winter 
View From Polour Village
Image by A. Soltani

A progression of monstrous, vigorously disintegrated mountain extents encompasses Iran's high inside bowl. The majority of the nation is over 1,500 feet (460 meters), with one-6th of it more than 6,500 feet (1,980 meters). In sharp complexity are the seaside districts outside the mountain ring. In the north a strip 400 miles (650 km) long flanking the Caspian Sea and never in excess of 70 miles (115 km) wide (and as often as possible smaller) falls forcefully from 10,000-foot (3,000-meter) summits to the boggy lake's edge, approximately 90 feet (30 meters) beneath ocean level. Along the southern coast the land drops from a 2,000-foot (600-meter) level, supported by a rough slope multiple times as high, to meet the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman.

Elburz (Alborz) Mountains
The Elburz (Alborz) Mountains keep running along the south shore of the Caspian Sea to meet the outskirt scopes of the Khorāsān district toward the east. The tallest top in the chain is the snow-clad Mount Damāvand (Demavend), which is likewise Iran's most astounding point. Numerous pieces of Iran are detached and ineffectively overviewed, and the rise of a significant number of its pinnacles are still in debate; the stature of Mount Damāvand is commonly given as 18,605 feet (5,671 meters).

The Elburz (Alborz) Mountains
Near south shore of the Caspian Sea

Zagros Mountains 
The Zagros (Zāgros) Mountains extend in a northwest-southeast bearing, from Iran's outskirts with Turkey and Iraq in the northwest to the Strait of Hormuz in the southeast. More distant toward the south the range expands into a band of parallel edges 125 miles (200 km) wide that lies between the fields of Mesopotamia and the incredible focal level of Iran. The range is depleted on the west by streams that cut profound tight canyons and water ripe valleys. The land is incredibly tough and hard to get to and is populated to a great extent by peaceful migrants. The Zagros Mountains ascend above pasturelands, southwestern Iran.

Volcanic and Tectonic Activity
Mount Taftān, a monstrous cone achieving 13,261 feet (4,042 meters) in southeastern Iran, transmits gas and mud at sporadic interims. In the north, be that as it may, Mount Damāvand has been dormant in authentic occasions, as have Mount Sabalān (15,787 feet [4,812 metres]) and Mount Sahand (12,172 feet [3,710 metres]) in the northwest. The Sahand-Bazman Belt, framed by Eocene volcanism, expands somewhere in the range of 1,200 miles (1,900 km) from the fringe with Azerbaijan in the northwest to Baluchistan in the southeast and incorporates volcanic pinnacles, for example, Mount Sahand, Mount Karkas in Eṣfahān territory, Mount Lalahezar in Kermān region, and Bazman in Sīstān va Balūchestān region. Likewise, in the northwestern segment of the nation, magma and powder spread a 200-mile (320-km) stretch of land from Jolfā on the fringe with Azerbaijan eastbound to the Caspian Sea. A third volcanic district, which is 250 miles (400 km) long and 40 miles (65 km) wide, keeps running between Lake Urmia (Orūmiyyeh) and the city of Qazvīn.

Seismic tremor
Seismic tremor movement is visit and brutal all through the nation. Amid the twentieth century—when solid records were accessible—there were completely twelve tremors of 7.0 or higher on the Richter scale that took huge quantities of lives. In 1990 upwards of 50,000 individuals were murdered by a ground-breaking tremor in the Qazvīn-Zanjān zone. In 2003 a generally frail shake struck the antiquated town of Bam in eastern Kermān territory, leveling the town and annihilating a noteworthy post. In excess of 25,000 individuals died.

The dry inside level, which reaches out into Central Asia, is limited on the west by the Zagros Mountains, on the north by the Elburz Mountains and the Kopet-Dag (Koppeh Dāgh) Range, and on the south by the Bashagard Range, which expands east from the Strait of Hormuz into the Baluchistan area of Iran. The level is cut by a few littler mountain ranges. In the flatlands lie the level's most-astounding highlights, the Kavīr and Lūt deserts, additionally called the Dasht-e Kavīrand Kavīr-e Lūt. At the least rises, arrangement of bowls in the ineffectively depleted soil stay dry for a considerable length of time at once; the vanishing of any aggregated water creates the salt squanders known as kavīrs. As rise rises, surfaces of sand and gravelly soil step by step converge into ripe soil on the slopes and mountain inclines.

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